Automation & Instrumentation

Automation & Instrumentation

In general, chemical processes are complex, and chemical engineers in industry encounter a variety of chemical process flow diagrams. These processes often involve substances of high chemical reactivity, high toxicity, and high corrosivity operating at high pressures and temperatures. Visual information is the clearest way to present material and is least likely to be misinterpreted. For these reasons, it is essential that chemical engineers be able to formulate appropriate process diagrams and be skilled in analyzing and interpreting diagrams prepared by others. The most effective way of communicating information about a process is through the use of flow diagrams. This chapter presents and discusses the more common flow diagrams encountered in the chemical process industry.


Hook-up drawing indicates tubing slopes, position of instrument in reference to process tapping point, scope break between instrument vs piping. Hook-up drawing also gives information the requirement of bulk material for each installation. It also details its specification size, type and material and the quantity. There are two types of hook-up drawing: Process Hook-Up This hook-up drawing contains typical installations for instrument which connects to the process Pneumatic Hook-Up This hook-up drawing contains typical installations for instrument which requires instrument air such as control valve, actuated valve Reference drawing:

Instrumentation Detail Engineering Documents like Junction Box Wiring Diagram, Block Diagrams, Cable schedule, Cable Tray Routine Drawings, Instrumentation Location Plans, Hook-Up Drawings, Heat Tracing, Loop Wiring and others.

Yes, I have trouble keeping track of the various problems, changes, and solutions to my devices over months of time. It’s funny how often I come here to see what I did about a particular problem. Nice way to keep a diary of this kind of thing. Notice also that the loop routine only calculates the power, updates the watchdog, and updates the alarm timer. If it hangs in a loop somewhere the watchdog will reset it and start over.

Every 5 seconds the alarm code causes it to send the data; that’s about as simple an implementation as I can come up with. The timers are set up in the setup routine and the reporting is done using the callback routine reportPower. The XBee for this device is set up in transparent mode; this is a specific mode for the XBees and you’ll understand this when you start working with the little devices, but it means that I don’t have to have special encoding or decoding software to use it.

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Thanks to the wide library of components, the powerful graphic functions of the program and under constant control of the piping spec, the user can easily create accurate drawings contemporarily getting automatic material lists. Extraordinary versatility The program proves to be particularly efficient in the phase of editing of the diagram: Accurate diagnostics tools Check the process line continuity, prevent duplication of tags and allow to locate a line, a component, an instrument loop on the drawing.

A question often asked on boating and boat building forums, and of me by visitors to my web site, is: “I need a simple wiring diagram for a small outboard boat to wire up the lights and few other things, but no one seems to have one.

Ensure that contractors comply at all times with safety rules, taking actions as required in case of disregards. Promote safety culture within NOC personnel and contractors as well as reporting of anomalies. Prepare hazardous area classification drawings, cable routings. Prepare requisitions for Instrumentation material procurement and technical bids evaluation. Specify and carry out necessary technical studies in order to propose robust and optimized technical solutions.

Participate to preparation of scope of work, cost estimates, budgets, and technical dossiers for CFTs packages for instrumentation related activities. Participate to the bidders technical proposals review and prepare technical recommendations accordingly. Review Vendors deliverables, interpret facilities engineering drawings, designs and make necessary recommendations.

Interface with FO entity for the integration of new instrumentation material in existing facilities and provide trouble shooting expertise in case of deficiencies of existing equipment. Profile Required Minimum Qualification: The deadline for submitting the application is 31st January Ensure technical compliance of the contractors with project specifications and requirements. Contribute to verification that all engineering design, procurement and construction activities comply with NOC safety, quality and cost objectives.

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They read and interpret blueprints, position parts, and examine connections for correct fit. They also perform repairs as needed and report errors in assembly line. Composites Composite Fabricator Composite Fabricators work with a variety of materials primarily graphite, plastics, fiberglass, and aluminum in experimental and production projects, as required.

They also work with autoclaves and ovens used for curing prepreg materials, which are composite fibers pre-impregnated with resin. These technicians will be required to have knowledge of all aircraft systems and required test equipment.

ICEweb’s Instrumentation, Control, Fire and Gas and SIS Design Engineering Software Database page assists Engineers in the selection and use of an Instrumentation, Control, Fire and Gas and SIS Engineering Software Database.

A detailed physical check shall be made against specifications and drawings. An inspection shall be made of all junction boxes, earthing checks performed, cabling arrangements inspected for neatness and accessibility. A check shall be made that internal connections are as per drawing and are satisfactory. Location of labels to drawings shall be checked. All cabling and piping shall be inspected against specification and drawings.

Wiring shall be checked for correct materials, correct identification and physical installation ensuring that kinks and strains have been avoided. Piping shall be inspected likewise. All fittings and connections shall be inspected for correct installation and possible absence or misapplication of sealing compounds. A check shall be made to ensure that signal cabling is adequately segregated from power cabling.

Cable tray, trunking and brackets shall be inspected for firm fixing, no sharp edges, protection of cut edges and acceptable routing.


Read More General Description and Classification Standards Manages and directs the billing and account management services of the Department of Watershed Management with an emphasis on accuracy, timeliness, and customer care. Duties may include, but are not limited to: Exercises direct and indirect supervision over assigned support staff. May perform other duties as assigned. Plans, organizes and directs the activities of the Billing and Account Management Division; oversees and participates in all aspects of billing, account review, and customer relations; establishes schedules; supervises and participates in the establishment of division goals, objectives, policies, and procedures; reviews and evaluates work method for continuous improvement and meeting performance targets; ensures that goals are attained.

Reviewed IFC, AFC drawings for Electrical / Instrumentation hook-up, safety shutdown system philosophy and identify work scope. Maintain complete project file as per “Workpack File System”. Prepared jobcards and allocate budgeted manhours for all E & I Hook up & Commissioning activities and incorporate into construction network planning for.

Other documents used in the development of the CSS configuration are as follows: The usual appearance of them is to have the cause on the left hand side with the effect at the top with a ‘X’ matrix. Sometimes logic symbols are included which make the operator’s engineering design requirements unambiguous. Whilst this is an excellent approach it is rather costly, thus it is infrequently used.

Cause and Effect – Some projects categorize cause and effects as part of process document and some other projects consider them an instrument deliverable. Cause and Effect is presented as a form of matrix. The marked intersection between both means that they are related as cause-effect. Example Cause and Effect – A useful example of an Cause and Effect diagram – from instrumentationportal. This package is deliberately separate from the executive software of the system since it is very important that software previously developed is not corrupted in any way.

After completion the software is tested extensively before being included in the overall software package. Great emphasis is placed on ensuring that the executive software cannot be accessed by unauthorised personnel and once the system is operational the configuration package is usually located onshore. It is all very well to have duplicated and triplicated hardware but if there is a common software bug just what can be done to overcome the problem.

Well the answer is that the requirements of API RP14C should be followed in that there should be a primary and secondary safety system.


Smarter Instrument Mounting Using Close-Coupling Techniques Posted by Process Control Team on Thursday, November 30, Innovations in the design of primary isolation valves and manifolds for mounting pressure instrumentation can deliver enormous pressure control advantages to both instrument and piping engineers, ranging from significantly enhanced measurement accuracy, to simpler installation and reduced maintenance.

Parker Hannifin has created a comprehensive range of instrument manifold mounting solutions for the main types of pressure instrumentation, employing close-coupling techniques which eliminate impulse lines and tube fittings to improve overall instrument performance and reliability. There is no formal definition for close-coupling, but it has come to mean any instrument mounting system that enables a user to connect an instrument directly on to the process line, and primary flow control isolation valve.

Measurement errors can be introduced as a result of long length impulse lines.

Bentley Instrumentation and Wiring V8i (SELECTseries 7) An Intuitive, Powerful Tool for Process Plant Control System Design Multiple Drawing Types and File Formats. • Import legacy data at project start-up • Import and export data to and from third-party applications • Supports MDB, XLS (X), TXT, DBF formats and ODBC.

Kentz now has a requirement for Instrumentation Engineers, to be based in Abu Dhabi. Responsibilities Reviewing instrumentation scope of work, drawings and executing the construction and maintenance activities in line with the project specification and standards. Material planning and its flow control, safety co-ordination, attending safety and progress meeting. Prepare request for inspection to client for inspections and acceptance of installations and Testing.

Our teams provide engineering, procurement construction, completions and commissioning services together with a range of sustaining capital services to clients in our four industry sectors, oil and gas, mining and metallurgy, infrastructure and power. SNC-Lavalin can also combine these services with its financing and operations and maintenance capabilities to provide complete end-to-end project solutions.

SNC-Lavalin maintains exceptionally high standards for health and safety, ethics and compliance and environmental protection, and is committed to delivering quality projects on budget and on schedule to the complete satisfaction of its clients. Get personalised updates on latest vacancies.

Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams

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